F&M College Library

SOC 310: Urban Sociology

The United States Census

Article 1, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution states:

"Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct."

--The Constitution of the United States, United States National Archives


Search The American Fact Finder for data from the 2000 and 2010 Censuses.  

U.S. Census Enumerator, 1940


Census Enumerator and Farmer in the field