F&M College Library

CNX 220: Childbirth and Midwifery

Search Statement Examples

Here are some strategies for search statement language for searching in library databases:

  • Use an * to search for multiple forms of a word in a single search:
    • pregnan*   will search for: pregnant, pregnancy, pregnancies
    • midwi*   will search for: midwife, midwives, midwifery
    • compar*   will search for: compare(s), compared, comparison, comparative
    • perce*   will search for: perceive, perceived, perception, perceptions


  • Use "quotation marks" to have multiple words searched together as a phrase:
    • "postpartum depression"
    • "infant mortality"
    • "maternal mortality"
    • "birth control"
    • "prenatal nutrition"
    • "united states"


  • ​Use the word OR (in capital letters) to search for words with similar meaning -- always place within (  ):
    • (teen* OR adolescen*)
    • (black OR "african american")
    • (cesarean OR c-section)
    • (class OR socioeconomic)


  • Use the word AND (in capital letters) to combine different topics/concepts:
    • mindfulness AND (pregnan* OR mother OR infant) 
    • "postpartum depression" AND (black OR "african american")
    • pregnan* AND (jail OR prison* OR incarcerat*)
    • health AND education AND rural AND "united states"

Screencast: Intro & Search Statements

CNX 220 Librarian

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Lisa Stillwell
Shadek-Fackenthal Library #204