An annotated bibliography is a list of citations for different kinds of resources: books, articles, videos, and more. Following each citation there is a short paragraph (or annotation) that analyzes the source: its relevance to your research topic, its authorship, its intended audience, its accuracy, and even the methodology used. An annotated bibliography serves as a critical analysis of sources that you are consulting in your research and evaluates their relevancy and purpose.
The two main components of an Annotated Bibliography are the Citation and the Annotation. Depending on the assignment, you may also need to include an introductory paragraph explaining your research topic.
The citation should be formatted in the style requested by your professor (MLA, APA, or Chicago, for example).
The annotation is a paragraph (or could vary based on your assignment specifications) that analyzes the source. It summarizes the source and its conclusions, discusses its relevance to your topic of study, and reflects on its strengths and weaknesses.
"Style a source in an annotated bibliography just as you would one in a list of works cited, and then append an annotation to the end of the entry, indented an inch from the start of the entry (to distinguish it from the half-inch hanging indent of entries composed of more than one line)." (MLA Handbook, Ninth Edition, 2021)