Email or Text Us

Email or text us at
Email Archives & Special Collections at

Chat With Us

Ask us a question using the chat window to the right. Online hours:
Sunday - Thursday 10:00am - 2:00am
Friday & Saturday 10:00am - 12:00am

Frequently Asked of Us

Check our FAQ for research tips and answers to popular questions.

Visit or Call Us

Stop by the Ask Me desk at Shadek or the Circulation desk at Martin, or call at:
Shadek-Fackenthal (717) 291-4217
Martin Library (717) 291-4331

Meet With Us

Students can meet with a librarian for one-on-one, expert research assistance.

Grad Schools & Jobs

Students can consult with a librarian to research prospective employers and explore graduate school opportunities.

JavaScript disabled or chat unavailable.

Research Resources: Class Guides

HIS 360: History Workshop: Methods and Practices

Researching in Libraries:

Consider: information/knowledge creation, publication, archiving

>indexing, cataloging

>locating, retrieving/accessing

>creating new knowledge by using and attributing sources ethically and legally

Consider: language variations used in...all of the above!

Consider: physical nature of the item to determine where your search begins:

  • Book/Monograph = Library Catalog to confirm holdings and obtain a description

  • Periodical/Magazine/Journal/Newspaper Articles = print or online index, and/or online archive, to discover publication contents, description and method of access

  • Government Information = respective agency web site, depository library-catalog, plus government and/or commercially produced indexes and finding aids. Libraries vary in methods of catalog representation and physical organization. Most government publications are assigned a unique Superintendent of Documents (SuDoc) number, which can be useful for locating the item in depository libraries.

Searching catalogs and indexes to find location & citation data at F&M:

Tertiary sources:
  • Library Catalog: Location: Ref Area
  • Library Web Site: Subject Guides: History: Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Handbooks & Bibliographies

Secondary sources
  • Books: Library Catalog, WorldCat [EZ-Borrow if necessary; ILL=back-up]
  • Articles: Library Web Site: A-Z list of indexes/databases and/or Subject Guides: History [ILL if necessary]

Primary sources:
  • Library Catalog: [EZ Borrow if necessary; ILL=back-up]
  • WorldCat: [EZ Borrow if necessary; ILL=back-up]
      *Library of Congress Subject Language for primary material:
      *documents, interviews, correspondence, letters, speeches, diaries, narratives, sources, collections
  • Internet-mediated Library Subscription Indexes/Databases/Archives featuring historical materials which may be considered primary sources [ILL if necessary]:
    • Accessible Archives, 18th & 19th c. periodicals
    • America's Historical Newspapers
    • Archive Finder, a directory
    • The New York Times, 1851-2006
    • Nineteenth Century Masterfile
    • PAIS Archive, 1915-1976
    • Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature, Retrospective, 1890-1982
  • Library Print Indexes/Abstracts:
    • Located in the "Microforms Room" at Shadek-Fackenthal

Locating library materials at F&M using location & citation data:

Books/Monographs: by LC call number

Articles: by format, as indicated via "Journal Finder"

  • Current/Active subscription = Periodicals Room, 1st floor
  • "Bound" = Ground floor, south
  • Microform (film/fiche) = 1st floor, behind Ref Desk
  • Full-Text, Digital = by library subscription, free if available

Contact Lisa Stillwell for further assistance.
Last updated: 2/12 ls,jb

©2010 Franklin & Marshall College Library | 450 College Ave | PO Box 3003 | Lancaster, PA 17604 | 717-291-4223