Email or Text Us

Email or text us at
Email Archives & Special Collections at

Chat With Us

Ask us a question using the chat window to the right. Online hours:
Sunday - Thursday 10:00am - 2:00am
Friday & Saturday 10:00am - 12:00am

Frequently Asked of Us

Check our FAQ for research tips and answers to popular questions.

Visit or Call Us

Stop by the Ask Me desk at Shadek or the Circulation desk at Martin, or call at:
Shadek-Fackenthal (717) 291-4217
Martin Library (717) 291-4331

Meet With Us

Students can meet with a librarian for one-on-one, expert research assistance.

Grad Schools & Jobs

Students can consult with a librarian to research prospective employers and explore graduate school opportunities.

JavaScript disabled or chat unavailable.

Research Resources: Class Guides

WGS 271: Gender and Sexuality in Antiquity


Brill's New Pauly Encyclopaedia of the ancient world: Antiquity
REF DE 5 .N4813 2006

Civilization of the Ancient Mediterranean
REF DE 59 .C55 1988

Encyclopedia of ancient Greece
REF DF 16 .E52 2006

Sex in the ancient world from A to Z
REF HQ1 3 .Y65 2005

Encyclopedia of sex and gender
REF HQ 16 .E52 2007

Encyclopedia of women and gender
REF HQ 1115 .E43 2001

Encyclopedia of women in the ancient world
REF HQ 1127 .S25 2001

Women's roles in ancient civilizations
REF HQ 1127 .W654 1999

Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC)
REF N 7760 .L49 1981

Oxford Reference Online: Classics


Search the F&M Library Catalog to find out what books, journals, reference resources, newspapers, videos, maps, CDs, music, etc., the library owns.
NOTE: There are no journal articles in a catalog!

Search WorldCat to discover books on your topic held by libraries all over the planet!

Use E-Z Borrow (a regional, expedited book-exchange service) if F&M's copy of a book you want is unavailable, or if we do not own the desired book. [Requires your F&M ID barcode number.]


Humanities Full Text


Project Muse

To determine whether or not the F&M Library owns a journal, use the JOURNALS: search our catalog of print and online journals feature on the Library's web site. If the library does not have a journal you need, and you have at least 1 week to 10 days before your assignment is due, you can submit an Interlibrary Loan: request journal articles & books request to have the journal article acquired for you by the library. Allow 3-7 days for the article to arrive.


A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer a first-hand view of a particular event. Examples:
  • ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS : Diaries, speeches, manuscripts, letters/correspondence, interviews, news/media reportage, autobiographies, official records, legal testimony, statistics, memoirs, advertisements, maps, etc.

  • CREATIVE WORKS: Poetry, drama, novels, music, art, etc.

  • RELICS OR ARTIFACTS: Pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings, etc.

A secondary source interprets or analyzes events or phenomena. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may feature pictures, quotes or graphics from primary sources. Examples:
  • Monographs, journal articles, textbooks, magazine articles, histories, criticisms, commentaries, documentaries, etc.

*Adapted from the Princeton University Library guide, "What is a Primary Source?,"

If you have any questions, would like further assistance, etc., contact:

Lisa Stillwell, Information Literacy Librarian,
717-291-3844 or

Last updated: 10/09, ls

©2010 Franklin & Marshall College Library | 450 College Ave | PO Box 3003 | Lancaster, PA 17604 | 717-291-4223