Franklin &  Marshall College Library

RST 170: Literature of Exile

Secondary sources - Encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks and bibliographies

Secondary sources are informational resources written by individuals who were not the actual participants in the topic at hand. They may be of value to your research since they often provide greater objectivity and different perspectives as a result of the passage of time. Common secondary sources include encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, and bibliographies.
Literary Index
An online index to various reference sources published by the Thomson-Gale Publishing Group, It combines and cross-references over 159,000 author names, including pseudonyms and variant names, as well as listings for over 210,000 titles.

Dictionary of Literary Biography
Ref Room PN 451 .D5
This multi-volume reference set is still in publication and systematically presents career biographies and criticism from all eras and genres. Contains bibliographies and each volume has cumulative indices.

Contemporary Literary Criticism
Ref Room PN 771 .C59
Each volume in this series profiles 6 to 8 novelists, poets, playwrights and other creative and nonfiction writers by providing full-text or excerpted criticism taken from books, magazines, literary reviews, newspapers and scholarly journals. Contains bibliographies. Each volume contains cumulative indices.

Area Handbook Series
Ref Room [varies] or online
Prepared by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress, each volume in this continually updated series describes and analyzed the political, economic, and social life of a particular country as well as providing a summary historical basis for same. Index. Contains bibliographies.

World Bibliographic Series
Ref Room [varies]
ABC-CLIO's impressive attempt to provide bibliographies (periodically updated) on every country, each volume in this ongoing series has annotated entries dealing with a nation's history, geography, economics, politics and social life and customs. Contains index.

American Immigrant Cultures
Ref Room E 184 .A1A63448 1997
This 2 volume set covers over 1560 non-indigenous cultural groups in the United States. Treatment is given to the unique cultural characteristics of each group including detailed immigration and settlement histories, language, economic patterns, housing, religion, marriage, family and kinship, relations with other ethnic groups, as well as discrimination agianst them. Contains bibliographies. Indexed.

Immigration and Asylum: from 1900 to the Present
Ref Room Balcony JV 6012 .I56 2005
A unique resource in its emphasis on refugees and asylum seekers, this three volume work's scope encompasses the 20th century through 9/11/2001. The first two volumes cover the laws, processes, and barriers facing asylum seekers, as well as topics such as racism and public health. Entries are included for the twelve countries that produce the largest number of refugees. In addition people in other diasporas are included. Contains bibliographies. Indexed.

Migration and Immigration: a Global View
Ref Room Balcony JV 6035 .N542 2004
This handbook allows for a comparative framework in the study of the obstacles, motivations, and methods of migrants. Authors analyze 13 countries and one commonwealth (Puerto Rico) in alphabetically arranged articles. This books covers largely immigrant-receiving nations (Australia, Brazil, France) and out-migration ones (China, Mexico). Contains chapter bibliographies. Indexed.

How to find books

  • Select "Library Catalog" from the Library home page. In finding books for this class use either an author's name or "authors, exiled" or "[geographic name] literature", etc.
  • Look at the subject headings for a book that meets your needs. Select those subject headings to find other books that are described the same way and might also be useful.
  • Go to the call number locations of those books both in the stacks and the reference room. Similar books will be nearby. Use indices to further mine their contents

How to find and locate journal articles

Look under "A - Z List of Resources" on the Library homepage. Scroll down to find the selections that may be the most helpful for your topic, some of which are...

A collection of full text articles in .pdf format from the back files of over 200 scholarly journals, many dating from the nineteenth-century to within the last 4 or 5 years.

MLA Bibliography
The Modern Language Association index of articles, book chapters and essays in literature, languages, and folklore, this comprehensive resource provides a researcher the means by which to identify scholarly material on virtually all literatures and languages. Covers 1963 to the present.

Humanities Full Text
Indexes over 300 English-language periodicals covering classical studies, history, literature, performing arts, philosophy, and related fields. Covers 1984 to the present..

Once you have a specific journal title, go to "Journals at F&M" from the library homepage and type in the title of a journal you hope to find.

How to find information on the World Wide Web

The World Wide Web can be a helpful environment in which to access scholarly information but because it is an unmediated matrix it is advisable to start one's exploration of it at bona fide sites.

Exiled Writers Ink!
An example of a nationally based organization (this one in the United Kingdom) which serve to further the nurturing of writers-in-exile.

International PEN
A worldwide association of writers, exists to promote friendship and intellectual co-operation among writers everywhere, to fight for freedom of expression and represent the conscience of world literature.

How to...

Last updated: 9/12/07 mg. contact Marty Gordon for further assistance