Franklin &  Marshall College Library
Lib Res.

HIS 370: Public Influence

Reference Resources - Encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks and bibliographies

Reference or secondary sources are informational resources written by individuals who were not the actual participants in the topic at hand. They may be of value to your research since they often provide greater objectivity and different perspectives as a result of the passage of time. Common secondary sources include encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, and bibliographies.

Please Note: The general call number range for History: America - United States is E151-E889
The general call number range for Social Sciences - Women is HQ1101-HQ2030.7

Notable Black American Women
Ref Room E185.96 .N68 1992 Vol. 1-2

A History of Women in the United States
Ref Room HQ1410 .H58 2004 Vol. 1-4

A-Z of American Women Leaders and Activists
Ref Room HQ1412 .H54 2002 Vol. 1

Women in Early America
Ref Room HQ1416 .M395 2004 Vol. 1

American Women Writers
Ref Room PS147 .A42 1999 Vol. 1-4

Don't Forget: Always consult the bibliography at the end of an encyclopedia entry for additional resources!

Search Terminology - Keywords and Subject Headings

When conducting research, always consider alternative keywords and subject headings for your topic. Begin by analyzing your topic or research question, and break it down into its key concepts. What keywords appear? Are there alternative keywords that come to mind?

For this course, keywords may include: women, females, groups, minorities, rights, stereotypes, abolitionists, suffragists, etc.

Subject headings may include: "Women abolitionists--United States", or "Suffragists--United States" or "Women Immigrants--United States--Social Conditions"

How to find books

  • Select CATALOG from the Library home page. In finding books for this class, try using the keyword and subject terms mentioned above.
  • When you discover a book of interest, select the "DETAILS" tab, and then the "FULL RECORD" tab to look at the assigned subject headings for that item. Note related subject headings, and click on them to find other books that are described in a similar way, and may prove useful.
  • Remember to search out call numbers in both the STACKS and the REFERENCE ROOM. Call numbers are designed to mirror themselves in these two areas. If you find a valuable book in the STACKS, you will find similar, high quality REFERENCE items under the same call number in the REFERENCE ROOM.

How to find and locate journal articles

Start by consulting the following electronic resources:

A collection of abstracts and articles from over 250 scholarly journals, many dating from the nineteenth-century to the last 4 or 5 years.

OmniFile Full Text Mega
Access to full text articles, page images, article abstracts, and citations from thousands of sources. Coverage back as early as 1982.

ANB Online - American National Biography
The American National Biography includes more than 17,400 men and women whose lives have shaped the nation. Updated quarterly.

America: History and Life
Comprehensive bibliography of articles on the history and culture of the United States and Canada, from prehistory to present. Covers abstracts 1964 to the present.

The New York Times Full Text, 1851-2003
Explore over 150 years of The New York Times newspaper in digital, full image format. Great database for primary source material!

If the article you find is available in full-text, follow the appropriate links. If not, take note of the JOURNAL NAME being cited, and go to the Journals at F&M page to see if the library subscribes to the journal. If so, locate the journal in print or microfilm, and make a copy for your research.

For additional article resources, look under the Electronic Resources - A to Z List on the Library homepage.

Don't Forget: Always consult the bibliography at the end of a journal article for additional resources!

World Wide Web

The World Wide Web can be a helpful environment in which to access scholarly information. To search for more authoritative sites, use mediated search directories such as the Librarians Index to the Internet or Google Scholar.

Women Working, 1800-1930
"Provides access to digitized historical, manuscript, and image resources selected from Harvard's library and museum collections. This collection explores women's roles in the US economy between the Civil War and the Great Depression. Working conditions, conditions in the home, costs of living, recreation, health and hygiene, conduct of life, policies and regulations governing the workplace, and social issues are all well documented." Thousands of items are searchable, or browsable by topic, individual, dates and events, or organization.

"I Will Be Heard!": Abolitionism in America
A well-organized, content-rich site with a wide range of authoritative information. Includes profiles of prominent abolitionists, slave narratives, background on the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th Amendment, critical resources on Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin," and much more. From Cornell University, Division of Rare & Manuscript Collections.

Lower East Side Tenement Museum
New York's Lower East Side Tenement Museum is the first in the United States to preserve a tenement building. Between the years 1870 and 1915, 97 Orchard Street was home to over ten thousand people, mostly new immigrants. The site includes a history of the building, dioramas of individual rooms, a virtual tour, and photographs by Arnold Eagle.

Votes for Women, Selections from the NAWSAC 1848-1920
The NAWSA Collection consists of 167 books, pamphlets and other artifacts documenting the suffrage campaign. They are a subset of the Library's larger collection donated by Carrie Chapman Catt, longtime president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, in November of 1938. The collection includes works from the libraries of other members and officers of the organization including: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone, Alice Stone Blackwell, Julia Ward Howe, Elizabeth Smith Miller, Mary A. Livermore.

Votes for Women, Suffrage Pictures 1850-1920
The Library of Congress has extensive and varied resources related to the campaign for woman suffrage in the United States. This selection of 38 pictures includes portraits of many individuals who have been frequently requested from the holdings of the Prints and Photographs Division and the Manuscript Division. Also featured are photographs of suffrage parades, picketing suffragists, and an anti-suffrage display, as well as cartoons commenting on the movement--all evoking the visible and visual way in which the debate over women's suffrage was carried out. This online illustrated reference aid is part of the "By Popular Demand" series. It is a pictorial partner for the text documents in "'Votes for Women:' Selections from the National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection, 1848-1920."

Other "How To's"...

Additional Help

Contact Christopher Raab for further assistance or fill out a research appointment request form to meet with a librarian.

Last updated: 1/10/07 cmr