Franklin &  Marshall College Library

CLS/ART 140B: Classical Art and Archaeology

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Introduction to the Franklin and Marshall College Library

Reference Resources - Encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks and bibliographies

Reference or secondary sources are informational resources written by individuals who were not the actual participants in the topic at hand. Use these sources to get ideas for topics, to get background information, and to guide you to additional information. Common secondary sources include encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, and bibliographies.
Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture
REF N5610 .G76 2007 vol. 1 - 2

Encyclopedia Britannica (with Webster's Dictionary)
Online encyclopedia and dictionary, good resources for defining terms and background information.

Grove Art Online
Online version of the 34-volume text covering all forms of the visual arts from prehistory to the present, with ongoing additions of new and updated articles. Includes 41,000 articles and 10,000 color images.

Oxford Reference Online
The largest, most up-to-date, authoritative, and accessible reference work in the world. This huge resource contains almost 2 million words and phrases from Oxford's English language and bilingual dictionaries. Individual Oxford titles may be found amongst our Electronic Resources - By Subject pages. Example: The Concise Oxford Spanish Dictionary [English-Spanish] [Spanish-English].

How to find books

  • Select Catalog from the Library home page.
  • When you discover a book or periodical or video recording of interest, select the "DETAILS" tab, and then the "FULL RECORD" tab to look at the assigned subject headings for that item. Note related subject headings, and click on them to find other books that are described in a similar way, and may prove useful.
  • Remember to search out call numbers in both the STACKS and REFERENCE ROOM. Call numbers are designed to mirror themselves in these two areas. If you find a valuable book in the STACKS, you will find similar, high quality REFERENCE items under the same call number in the REFERENCE ROOM.

How to find journal articles

Available from the Library web page under Electronic Resources - A to Z List. Browse the entire list to find databases relevant to your particular topic. The databases listed below are most likely to be useful:
Art Full Text
Variety of international English-language arts publications. Indexing from 1984 to present, abstracting from 1994 to present. Link will launch OmniFile Full Text Mega. Choose database from Subject Area.

BHA (Bibliography of the History of Art)
Covering European and American art from late antiquity to the present, the Bibliography of the History of Art indexes and abstracts art-related books, conference proceedings and dissertations, exhibition and dealer's catalogs, and articles from more than 1,400 periodicals. Covers 1973 to the present.

Humanities Full Text
Indexes over 300 English-language periodicals covering classical studies, history, literature, performing arts, philosophy, and related fields. Covers 1984 to the present.

A collection of abstracts and articles from over 250 scholarly journals, many dating from the nineteenth-century to the last 4 or 5 years.

New York Times
The New York Times (Sep 18, 1851 - Dec 31, 2004, full-text) offers full page and article images with searchable full text back to the first issue. The collection includes digital reproductions providing access to every page from every available issue.

If the article you find is available in full-text, follow the appropriate links. If not, take note of the JOURNAL NAME being cited, and go to the Journals page to see if the library subscribes to the journal. If so, locate the journal in print or microfilm, and make a copy for your research.

Interlibrary Loan for books and articles

Form available from Library web page. You will need the barcode number from your ID card. Be THOROUGH in the information you provide. If you are unsure of any citation information, please indicate in the "Comments" field. Also, please include source of the citation whenever possible. Allow two weeks for delivery, some items may arrive sooner.

Citation Guides

Click on the link in the How To section, under Cite on the Library web page for information on citation styles and advice on how to evaluate print resources and web sites.

Additional help

Contact Renate Sachse (358-4435; for further assistance or fill out a research appointment request form to meet with a librarian.

Introduction to the Franklin and Marshall College Library

Last updated: 9/11/07 jb/rs