Franklin &  Marshall College Library

ART 370: Seminar - Art, Enlightenment, and Modernity

Reference Resources - Encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks and bibliographies

Use these as points of departure--for overview information about your project, or to get ideas for your project. They are secondary sources and are especially valuable for the bibliographies included at the ends of entries.

Please Note: The general call number range for Philosophy - Modern is B790-802

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment
Ref Room B802 .E53 2002

Science in the Enlightenment: an encyclopedia
Sci Ref Q121 .B87 2003 (Martin Library of the Sciences)

European and American History
Please Note: The general call number range for History of Great Britain is DA1-995; History of France - Revolutionary and Napoleonic period, 1789-1815 is DC139-249; United States - The Revolution, 1775-1783 is E201-298
An Oxford companion to the Romantic Age: British culture 1776-1832
Ref Room DA485 .O94 1999

A critical dictionary of the French Revolution
Ref Room DC148 .D5313 1989

The American Revolution: an encyclopedia
Ref Room DS35.53 .I86 2004

Art and Visual Culture
Please Note: The general call number range for Manners and Customs - Costume. Dress. Fashion is GT500-2370; Visual Arts is N1-9211; Arts in general - History of the arts is NX440-632
Encyclopedia of clothing and fashion
Ref Room GT507 .E53 2005

Fashion, costume, and culture: clothing, headwear, body decorations, and footwear through the ages
Ref Room GT511 .P46 2004

Guide to the literature of art history 2
Ref Room N380 .Z4 M374 2005

Jacobsen's biographical index of American artists: artists native to the United States or working in the United States from 1606 to 2002
Ref Room N6536 .J33 2002

Encyclopedia of the romantic era, 1760-1850
Ref Room NX452.5 .R64 E53 2004

Don't forget to consult the following electronic reference resources:

Grove Art Online
Grove Art Online provides web access to the entire text of The Dictionary of Art, ed. Jane Turner (1996, 34 vols.) and The Oxford Companion to Western Art, ed. Hugh Brigstocke (2001). Also included: ongoing additions of new and updated articles, over 2,500 thumbnail art images and line drawings displayed in the text of articles, extensive image links.

Oxford Reference Online
The largest, most up-to-date, authoritative, and accessible reference work in the world. This huge resource contains almost 2 million words and phrases from Oxford's English language and bilingual dictionaries.

A digital reference library that places a world of factual information at your fingertips. Containing 100 high-quality reference books from the world's leading publishers: dictionaries, encyclopedias, thesauri, and books of quotations, not to mention a host of subject-specific titles covering everything from the arts and literature to technology.

Search Terminology - Keywords and Subject Headings

When conducting research, always consider alternative keywords and subject terms (headings) for your topic. Begin by analyzing your topic or research question, and break it down into its key concepts. What keywords appear? Are there alternative keywords that come to mind? In this course, for example, consider fashion OR dress OR costume; ladies OR womens. When searching for an individual's name, surround it with quotation marks--"Edmund Burke".

Your syllabus is filled with keywords to try: caricature, portraiture, selfhood, "history painting," neoclassicism, festivals, romanticism, identity, revolution, etc.

Subject headings may include: "Enlightenment--United States.", or "Philosophy, Modern--18th century.", or "Political culture--France--18th century.", or "Romanticism--Europe." etc.

How to find books

  • Select CATALOG from the Library home page. In finding books for this class, try using the keyword and subject terms mentioned above.
  • When you discover a book of interest, select the "DETAILS" tab, and then the "FULL RECORD" tab to look at the assigned subject headings for that item. Note related subject headings, and click on them to find other books that are described in a similar way, and may prove useful.
  • Remember to search out call numbers in both the STACKS and the REFERENCE ROOM. Call numbers are designed to mirror themselves in these two areas. If you find a valuable book in the STACKS, you will find similar, high quality REFERENCE items under the same call number in the REFERENCE ROOM.

How to find and locate journal articles

Start by consulting the following electronic resources:

America: History & Life
Comprehensive bibliography of articles on the history and culture of the United States and Canada, from prehistory to present. Covers abstracts 1964 to the present.

Art Full Text
Variety of international English-language arts publications. Indexing from 1984 to present, abstracting from 1994 to present. Link will launch OmniFile Full Text Mega. Choose database from Subject Area.

Arts and Humanities Search
Over 1.4 million records referencing more than 1,300 of the world's leading arts and humanities journals. Covers 1980 to the present.

BHA (Bibliography of the History of Art)
Covering European and American art from late antiquity to the present, the Bibliography of the History of Art indexes and abstracts art-related books, conference proceedings and dissertations, exhibition and dealer's catalogs, and articles from more than 2,500 periodicals. Covers 1973 to the present. (Click on the link above, then scroll down to BHA.)

Historical Abstracts
Comprehensive international historical coverage (excluding the U.S. and Canada) from 1450 to the present. Covers abstracts from 1955 to the present.

If the article you find is available in full-text, follow the appropriate links. If not, take note of the JOURNAL NAME being cited, and go to the Journals at F&M page to see if the library subscribes to the journal. If so, locate the article in print or microfilm, and make a copy for your research. If the library doesn't subscribe to the journal, use Interlibrary Loan.

Don't Forget: Always consult the bibliography at the end of a journal article for additional resources!

Primary Source Materials

Primary sources are original materials authored or created by individuals who were the actual participants in the topic at hand. These include a wide range of written, oral, and visual records such as correspondence, diaries, memoirs, maps, accounts, speeches, photographs and interviews. Caution! What "counts" as a primary source may differ from circumstance to circumstance and person to person. Please consult Professor Rauser for acceptable primary-source materials for this course!

Archives USA
Locate primary resources held in over 118,000 Special Collections with links for contact and access information.

Pennsylvania Gazette
The New York Times of the 18th century, offering social, political and cultural perspectives of the period. Primary source material from Accessible Archives.

Early American Imprints, 1639-1800
Early American Imprints, 1801-1819
Early American Newspapers, 1690-1876
American Broadsides and Ephemera (ephemera 1760-1900)
Selections from "Newsbank," a digital collection the library is TRIALING through 2/28/2006.

The Revolutionary era: primary documents on events from 1776 to 1800
Ref Room E203 .H88 2003

History of America, in two books: Containing I. A general history of America; II. A concise history of the late revolution, Extracted from the American edition of the Encyclopedia
Spec Coll E208 .M885 1808

Napoleon Collection
Select CATALOG from the Library home page. Select "Napoleon collection" in the "type:" field drop-down menu.

How to Find Images

Consult the library's Guide to Finding Images on the Web.

Other "How To's"...

Additional Help

Contact Louise Kulp for further assistance or fill out a research appointment request form to meet with a librarian.

Created: 2/3/06 lak