Franklin &  Marshall College Library

ART 337: Reformation/Counter-reformation:
Art in 16th- and 17th-century Northern Europe

Reference resources - encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks and bibliographies

Use these as points of departure--for overview information about your project, or to get ideas for your project. They are secondary sources and are especially valuable for the bibliographies included at the ends of entries.

The Reformation
Please Note: The general call number range for Reformation (Christianity) is BR300-BR420.
The general call number range for Doctrinal Theology is BT10-BT1480.
The general call number range for History of Civilization - By period is CB305-CB430

The Oxford encyclopedia of the Reformation
Ref. Room BR 302.8 .O93 1996
Includes solid summary article/bibliography on Art

Creeds & confessions of faith in the Christian tradition, vol. 2, Reformation era
Ref. Room BT 990 .C64 2003

Historical dictionary of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation
Ref. Room CB 361 .C27 2003
Includes extensive topical bibliographical references


Encyclopedia of world art, vol. 7
Ref. Room N 31 .E533
Extensive bibliography on Iconography and Iconology, pp. 770-786

Encyclopedia of comparative iconography: themes depicted in works of art
Ref. Room N 7560 .E53 1998

The Illustrated Bartsch, multiple volumes
Stacks NE 90 .B213
Adam von Bartsch's inventory of the works of approximately 500 artists working between the 15th and 18th centuries

Electronic reference resources for art

Grove Art Online
Grove Art Online provides web access to the entire text of The Dictionary of Art and The Oxford Companion to Western Art. Covers visual arts from prehistory to present and includes bibliographical references, extensive image linking and electronic cross referencing.

The Bridgeman Art Library Archive
An archive of images drawn from art museum, gallery and private collections throughout the world. In addition to fine art, visual materials represented include design, antiques, maps, architecture, decorative arts and anthropological artifacts.

How to find books for this class

  • Please note! The Reformation's influence on art is covered in a widely scattered segment of the Library of Congress "N" (Fine arts) call-number scheme. Select CATALOG from the Library home page. In the "subject" search field use the Subject term Reformation and art. or Counter-Reformation in art.
  • Likewise, books on the Reformation in general are scattered throughout the Library of Congress "B" (Religion) call-number scheme. In the "subject" search field use the Subject term Reformation. or Theology, Doctrinal History 16th century.
  • When you discover a book of interest, select the "DETAILS" tab and then the "FULL RECORD" tab to look at all of the assigned subject terms for that item. Note others of interest and click on them to find additional books that are described in a similar way and may prove useful.
  • Remember to search out call numbers in both the STACKS and the REFERENCE ROOM. Call numbers are designed to mirror themselves in these two areas. If you find a valuable book in the STACKS, you will find similar, high quality REFERENCE items under the same call number in the REFERENCE ROOM.

Search terminology - keywords

  • When conducting research, in addition to the Subject terms above, always consider keywords. Begin by analyzing your topic or research question, and break it down into its key concepts. What keywords appear? Are there alternative keywords that come to mind?
  • Keywords associated with your topics may include: polemic/polemicist, censorship, altarpiece/retable, broadsheet/broadside, eucharist/communion, portraiture, iconography, idolatry, etc.

How to find and obtain journal articles

Start by consulting the following electronic resources:

Arts and Humanities Citation Index
Over 1.4 million records referencing more than 1,300 of the world's leading arts and humanities journals. Covers 1980 to the present.

ATLA Religion Index
Comprehensive database in religious and theological scholarship. Includes citations for journal articles, essays in multi-author works, and book reviews from American Theological Library Association's print indexes. Covers from 1949 to the present.

BHA (Bibliography of the History of Art)
Covering European and American art from late antiquity to the present, BHA is the source for indexes and abstracts of art-related books, conference proceedings, dissertations, exhibition catalogs, and articles from more than 2,500 periodicals. Covers 1973 to the present.

ITER: Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance
Iter, meaning 'a journey' or 'a path' in Latin, is a multidisciplinary database of books, scholarly articles, and reviews covering historical, art historical, theological, and literary subjects from the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400-1700). Do a quick keyword search and then look at the full record for subject headings.

A multidisciplinary collection of abstracts and full-text articles from over 250 scholarly journals dating from the nineteenth-century to the last 4 or 5 years. Advanced Search allows searching by discipline-specific journal collections; e.g. Architecture & Architectural History, Art & Art History, History, Religion, etc.

If the article you find is available in full-text, follow the appropriate links. If not, take note of the JOURNAL NAME being cited, and go to the Journals at F&M page to see if the library subscribes to the journal. If so, locate the article in print or microfilm, and make a copy for your research. If the library doesn't subscribe to the journal, use Interlibrary Loan.

For additional article resources, look under the Electronic Resources - A to Z List on the Library homepage.

Don't Forget: Always consult the bibliography at the end of a journal article for additional resources!

How to Find Images

Consult the library's Guide to Finding Images on the Web.

Other "How To's"...

Additional Help

Contact Louise Kulp for further assistance or fill out a research appointment request form to meet with a librarian.

Created: 3/3/06 lak