Franklin &  Marshall College Library

FRN 115: Franklin in France

Reference Resources - Encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks and bibliographies

Reference or secondary sources are informational resources written by individuals who were not the actual participants in the topic at hand. Use these sources to get ideas for topics, to get background information, and to guide you to additional information. Common secondary sources include encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, and bibliographies.
Benjamin Franklin, a biographical companion. ABC-CLIO, 1997.
Reference Room E302.6.F8 D88 1997

The Revolutionary era : primary documents on events from 1776 to 1800. Greenwood, 2003.
Reference Room E203 .H88 2003

Historical dictionary of the American Revolution. Scarecrow,1999.
Reference Room E209 .M36 1999

Encyclopedia of U.S. foreign relations. Oxford, 1997.
Reference Room E183.7 .E53 1997 vol. 14

The Greenwood encyclopedia of daily life : a tour through history from ancient times to the present, Greenwood, 2004.
Reference Room GT31 .G74 2004 V.4, 5

Online Resources

Encyclopedia Britannica (with Webster's Dictionary)
Online encyclopedia and dictionary, good resources for defining terms and background information.

Oxford Reference Online
The largest, most up-to-date, authoritative, and accessible reference work in the world. This huge resource contains almost 2 million words and phrases from Oxford's English language and bilingual dictionaries. Individual Oxford titles may be found amongst our Electronic Resources - By Subject pages. Example: The Concise Oxford Spanish Dictionary [English-Spanish] [Spanish-English].

How to find books

  • Select Catalog from the Library home page.
  • When you discover a book or periodical or video recording of interest, select the "DETAILS" tab, and then the "FULL RECORD" tab to look at the assigned subject headings for that item. Note related subject headings, and click on them to find other books that are described in a similar way, and may prove useful.
  • Remember to search out call numbers in both the STACKS and REFERENCE ROOM. Call numbers are designed to mirror themselves in these two areas. If you find a valuable book in the STACKS, you will find similar, high quality REFERENCE items under the same call number in the REFERENCE ROOM.

How to find journal articles

Available from the Library web page under Electronic Resources - A to Z List. Browse the entire list to find databases relevant to your particular topic. The databases listed below are most likely to be useful:
America: History and Life
Comprehensive bibliography of articles on the history and culture of the United States and Canada, from prehistory to present. Covers abstracts 1964 to the present.

Humanities Full Text
Indexes over 300 English-language periodicals covering classical studies, history, literature, performing arts, philosophy, and related fields. Covers 1984 to the present.

Humanities Full Text
Indexes over 300 English-language periodicals covering classical studies, history, literature, performing arts, philosophy, and related fields. Covers 1984 to the present.

A collection of abstracts and articles from over 250 scholarly journals, many dating from the nineteenth-century to the last 4 or 5 years.

If the article you find is available in full-text, follow the appropriate links. If not, take note of the JOURNAL NAME being cited, and go to the Journals, Magazines & Newspapers at F&M page to see if the library subscribes to the journal. If so, locate the journal in print or microfilm, and make a copy for your research.

Interlibrary Loan and EZBorrow for books and articles

Form available from Library web page. You will need the barcode number from your ID card. Be THOROUGH in the information you provide. If you are unsure of any citation information, please indicate in the "Comments" field. Also, please include source of the citation whenever possible. Allow two weeks for delivery, some items may arrive sooner.

Citation Guides

Click on the link in the How To section, under Cite on the Library web page for information on citation styles and advice on how to evaluate print resources and web sites.

DVDs and videos (located at ATS)

385 Founding brothers
177 Benjamin Franklin

3465 Benjamin Franklin : citizen of the world
3043 Ben and me

Additional help

Contact Renate Sachse (358-4435; for further assistance or fill out a research appointment request form to meet with a librarian.

Last updated: 10/5/05 rs