Franklin &  Marshall College Library



 Art 170:

How Ideas Become Form



Neo-impressionist painters
Ref ND547 .C54 1999

Nineteenth-century painters and painting : a dictionary
Ref ND190 .N67 1977

A dictionary of the avant-gardes
Ref NX456 .K67 2000

A Biographical dictionary of women artists in Europe and America since 1850
Ref N6757 .D86 1989

Contemporary women artists
Ref N8354 .C66 1999

Contemporary artists
Ref N6490 .C6567 1996

Lives of the great 20th-century artists
Ref N6489 .L83 1999

Dictionary of contemporary American artists
Ref N6512 .C854 1994

North American women artists of the twentieth century
Ref N6503 .N67 1995 

Twentieth-century artists on art : an index to writings, statements, and interviews...
Ref NX456 .R59 1996

St. James guide to Black artists
N40 .S78 1997


General Art Sources (N31... >> N40...)

The dictionary of art
Ref N31 .D5 1996

Grove Dictionary of Art (online)
(accessible via the Library web site)

Encyclopedia of world art
Ref N31 .E533


World History, 19th & 20th Centuries

Encyclopedia of world history
Ref D21 .E577 2000

Chronology of world history
Ref D11 .M39 1999

The encyclopedia of the Victorian world
Ref DA550 .E53 1996

Encyclopedia of the United States in the nineteenth century
Ref E169.1 .E626 2001  

The 1890s : an encyclopedia of British literature, art, and culture
Ref DA560 .A18 1993

The dictionary of the First World War
D510 .P66 1995

The Oxford companion to World War II
D740 .O93 1995

Europe since 1945
D1058 .E8754 2001

Dictionary of 20th century European history
D424 .T685 1999

Encyclopedia of contemporary American culture
Ref E169.12 .E49 2001

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
Ref DA589.4 .E53 1999

Encyclopedia of contemporary French culture
Ref DC33.7 .E53 1998

Encyclopedia of contemporary German culture
Ref DD290.26 .E53 1999

Encyclopedia of contemporary Italian culture
Ref DG450 .E53 2000

Encyclopedia of contemporary Japanese culture
Ref DS822.5 .E516 2002


The raw building blocks of research in both the humanities and social sciences are original materials authored or created by individuals who were the actual participants in the topic at hand. These include a wide range of documents, written, oral and visual such as...

* letters (correspondence)

* diaries

* narratives

* memoirs

* maps

* accounts

* speeches

* interviews

Articles published in newspapers and magazines during the time period one is studying are also often considered to be primary resources.

To locate primary sources, conduct a keyword search in a library catalog, combining terminology representing your topic with any one of the words listed above, or any other terms that describe a primary source:

cassatt and (letters or correspondence)  


F&M College Library

Search the catalog to find out what books, journals, newspapers, videos, maps, CDs, music, etc., the library owns.

NOTE: There are no journal articles in the catalog!

To find sources about a particular artist, conduct a subject/browse search on the artist's last name:

cassatt, m

To find sources created by a particular artist, conduct an author/browse search on the artist's last name:

cassatt, m

To find any kind of information on a particular artist, conduct a keyword/"words or phrase" search on the artist:

mary cassatt



A catalog of library holdings worldwide, WorldCat can alert you to research resources on your topic not available at F&M. Search WorldCat only if you are having difficulty locating books on your topic, and you have a lot of time before your work is due. Obtaining books found in WorldCat requires Interlibrary Loan (ILL).

Inter-Library Loan

Inter-Library Loan (ILL) is a free service through which the F&M library obtains for members of the F&M community materials not owned by F&M. To use ILL, complete the online request form as completely and accurately as possible. You do not have to know at what library the material you need can be found--ILL takes care of that for you. ILL requests typically take between 5 and 10 days to be fulfilled. ILL articles are yours to keep, and will be sent to your campus mail box. ILL books are available for pick-up at the Circulation Desk, and circulate for the amount of time indicated by the lending library.


Art Abstracts

An index to a wide variety of international English-language arts publications.

Indexing: 1982-present
Abstracting: 1984-present
Select full-text: 1994-present

Art Index
Ref Index Area/Microforms Room
Indexing: 1929-1982



Humanities Abstracts

Indexes over 300 English-language periodicals covering classical studies, history, literature, performing arts, philosophy, and related fields.

Indexing: 1982-present
Abstracting: 1984-present
Select full-text: 1994-present

Index to International Periodicals (in the Humanities & Social Sciences)
Ref Index Area
Indexing: 1920-1965

Social Sciences & Humanities Index
Ref Index Area
Indexing: 1965-1974

Humanities Index
Ref Index Area
Indexing: 1974-1982


Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature

Comprehensive indexing of the most popular general-interest periodicals published in the United States.

Indexing & Abstracting: 1983-present

Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature Retrospective

Indexing: 1963-1982

Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature
Ref Index Area
Indexing: 1899-


Bibliography of the History of Art

Indexes and abstracts articles, art-related books, conference proceedings, dissertations, and art exhibition and dealer's catalogs. This extensive and comprehensive index covers European and American art from late antiquity to the present.

Indexing/Abstracting: 1973-present


19th Century Masterfile (also known as "Poole's Plus")

Search every relevant printed index to material of the period, including general, legal and religious periodicals, and newspapers.


The New York Times

Ref Index Area
Indexing: 1851- present.
Microfilm covering 1851- is located in the main library.

Lexis/Nexis provides online:

*abstracts of articles from January 1, 1969 - May 31, 1980

*full-text articles from June 1, 1980 through the present.

To search Lexis/Nexis:

Guided News Search > > U.S. News > > New York News Sources

Type in your search term(s), then in the "Search This Publication" window, type New York Times.



Search Engines/Portals





Criteria to consider when evaluating Web sites:

1. Authority: Who is responsible for the content? Are they an expert on the topic? Does the author identify her/him/them-self?

2. Objectivity: Why was the site created? Is the information presented with a minimum of bias? Is the site meant to persuade the reader?

3. Content: What is presented? Is the content focused, or does it stray all over the place? Is the site appropriate for research/scholarly purposes? Is the design of the site more important than the content?

4. Accuracy: Does the site feature a list of sources, or bibliography, or links to other similar sites? Are other authorities cited?

5. Currency: Is the web site current? Is it currently being maintained? Is there indication of when it was last updated anywhere on the page?


TIP: When using a web site for research,
print a copy of the first page for verification.


For more information, contact Lisa Stillwell,
User Education & Outreach Librarian, ext. 3844.

 last updated: 9/02, ls