Franklin &  Marshall College Library



The Encyclopedia of Southern History
Ref F 207.7 .E52

Encyclopedia of Southern Culture
Ref F 209 .E53 1989

Dictionary of American History
Ref E 174 .A43 1976

The American Heritage Encyclopedia of American History
Ref E 174 .A535 1998

The Oxford Companion to United States History
Ref E 174 .O94 2001

Encyclopedia of American History
Ref E 174.5 .E52 1996

American Women's History
Ref HQ 1115 .W4 1994

The Encyclopedia of Women's History in America
Ref HQ 1410 .C85 1996

Handbook of American Women's History
Ref HQ 1410 .H36 1990

The Reader's Companion to U.S. Women's History
Ref HQ 1410 .R43 1998

Black Women in America
Ref E 185.86 .B542 1993

Encyclopedia of Black Women in America
Ref E 185.96 .F2 1997

African American Women
Ref E 185.96 .A45 1993

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History
Ref E 185 .E54 1996

Reference Library of Black America
Ref E 185 .R44 1997

The African-American Century
Ref E 185.96 .G38 2000

American National Biography
Ref CT 213 .A68 1999

Who Was Who in America: Historical Volumes
Ref E 663 .W64

Encyclopedia of Rural America
Ref E 169.12 .E5 1997

Encyclopedia of American Political History
Ref E 183 .E5 1984

Cultural Encyclopedia of the 1850s in America
Ref E 426 .G147 1993


Encyclopedia of the American Civil War
Ref E 468 .H47 2000

Encyclopedia of the Confederacy
Ref E 487 .E55 1993

The Oxford Companion to American Military History
Ref E 181 .O94 1999

A Historical Guide to World Slavery
Ref HT 861 .H59 1998

Macmillan Encyclopedia of World Slavery
Ref HT 861 .M24 1998

Chronology of World Slavery
Ref HT 861 .R63 1999

Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery
Ref E 441 .D53 1997

A New Handbook of Living Religions
Ref BL 80.2 .H275 1997

Encyclopedia of the American Religious Experience
Ref BL 2525 .E53 1988

Encyclopedia of Religion in the South
Ref BR 535 .E52 1984

The Encyclopedia of American Religions
Ref BL 2525 .M449 1989

Encyclopedia of Civil Rights in America
Ref E 185.61 .E544 1998

Historical Dictionary of the Civil Rights Movement
Ref E 185.61 .L84 1997

Encyclopedia of African-American Civil Rights
Ref E 185.61 .E54 1992

American Reformers
Ref CT 215 .A67 1985

American Reforms and Reformers
Ref HQ 1412 .A46 1996

Companion to American Reconstruction, 1862-1877
Ref E 668 .R53 1996

Historical Dictionary of Reconstruction
Ref E 668 .T66 1991

Encyclopedia of American Education
Ref LB 17 .U54 1996

Historical Dictionary of School De/Segregation
Ref LC 212.52 .R34 1998

The New Grove Dictionary of American Music
Ref ML 101 .U6 N48 1986

Encyclopedia of the Blues
Ref ML 102 .B6 H413 1997

Country Music: the Encyclopedia
Ref ML 102 .C7 S7 1997

Encyclopedia of Folk, County & Western Music
Ref ML 102 .F66 S7 1983

Jazz: the Essential Companion
Ref ML 102 .J3 F43 1993

Antebellum Writers in New York and the South, 1820-1860
Ref PN 451 .D5 vol. 3

American Writers
Ref PS 129 .A55

American Women Writers
Ref PS 147 .A42

African American Writers
Ref PS 153 .N5 A344 1991

Contemporary Southern Writers
Ref PS 261 .C569 1999

Contemporary Poets, Dramatists, etc., of the South
Ref PS 261 .C568 1994

Encyclopedia of Southern Literature
Ref PS 261 .S515 1997

The American Film Industry
Ref PN 1993.5 .U6 S539 1986

The New Historical Dictionary of the American Film Industry
Ref PN 1993.5 .U6 S539 1986

Encyclopedia of Novels Into Film
Ref PN 1997.85 .T54 1998


A. F&M’s Library Catalog

Search the catalog to find out what books, journals, newspapers, videos, maps, CDs, music, etc., the library owns.

NOTE: Library Catalogs do not indicate the contents of journals!

To find a book, begin by conducting a Keyword search on your topic.

Analyze your topic or research question and break it down into its key concepts, which becomes the Keyword search. Once you have found a record for an item that looks useful, click on a Subject Heading to retrieve other items with similar content.


Topic/Research Question: What was the role of women in the Civil War?

Search Statement:women and civil war

Subject Headings:
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Women
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Participation, Female

B. WorldCat

A catalog of library holdings worldwide. Search here if you are having difficulty locating BOOKS on your topic, and you have a lot of time before your work is due: obtaining books found in WorldCat requires the use of Interlibrary Loan (ILL).


America: History and Life, 1964-
Comprehensive bibliography of articles on the history and culture of the United States and Canada from pre-history to the present.

Humanities Full Text (FirstSearch)
Indexes over 300 English-language periodicals covering classical studies, history, literature, performing arts, philosophy, and related fields.

Social Sciences Full Text (FirstSearch)
Indexes over 300 English-language periodicals covering anthropology, economics, psychology, social work, sociology, and related fields.

NOTE: To search up to 3 FirstSearch databases simultaneously:
1. Access the FirstSearch website.
2. In the left frame, under the heading "Databases" click on "List All."
3. Select (by clicking in the little box) up to 3 databases to search. Click on "Select."
4. When the search screen appears, type in your Keyword search, select the "Keyword" search type, and click on the "Search" button.

REMEMBER: Search the Journals at F&M to find out if the library has the journals that contain the articles you found in the databases.

If the library does nothave the journal, and you have the time, you can submit an Interlibrary Loan (ILL) request for the article. Allow 5-10 days for the article to arrive.


Search Engines/Portals

Criteria to consider when evaluating Web sites:

1. Authority: Who is responsible for the content? Are they an expert on the topic? Does the author identify her/him/them-self?

2. Objectivity: Why was the site created? Is the information presented with a minimum of bias? Is the site meant to persuade the reader?

3. Content: What is presented? Is the content focused, or does it stray all over the place? Is the site appropriate for research/scholarly purposes? Is the design of the site more important than the content?

4. Accuracy: Does the site feature a list of sources, or bibliography, or links to other similar sites? Are other authorities cited?

5. Currency: Is the web site current? Is it currently being maintained? Is there indication of when it was last updated anywhere on the page?

TIP: When using a web site for research,
print a copy of the first page for verification.
Web sites come and go easily!

For assistance, contact Lisa Stillwell, Reference Librarian,
by phone: 291.3844, or by e-mail:
Last updated: ls, 10/01